Amakuru

COP27: Inama ibera mu Misiri y’ibidukikije u Rwanda rufite amahirwe yo kuba isi itoshye y’icyatsi

U Rwanda rurasaba ko ibikorwa byo kubungabunga ikirere byiyongera kandi bigasangira amahirwe yo gushora imari muri COP27 ruzaharanira ingamba z’imihindagurikire y’ikirere, rusangire amahirwe yo gushora imari mu nama ibera muri Sharm El-Sheikh mu Misiri, y’umuryango w’abibumbye ku bijyanye n’imihindagurikire y’ibihe (COP27).

Inama ya 27 ibera i Sharm El-Sheikh (Misiri), igamije kurwanya ubushyuhe ku si n’ingaruka zabyo.

COP27 izaha amahirwe yo guteza imbere u Rwanda nk’ahantu heza ho gushora imari rugahinduka ahantu hatoshye h’icyatsi, Intumwa z’u Rwanda n’abari muri iyo nama mpuzamahanga bazatangiza ingamba zizagena ejo hazaza h’ibidukikije, bizafasha abikorera kugira uruhare runini mu bikorwa by’imihindagurikire y’ikirere mu gihugu.

Ikigo gishinzwe imicungire y’ibidukikije mu Rwanda gifite gahunda ikomeye yo kugabanya ibyuka bihumanya 38% muri 2030, nkuko bisanzwe kandi ikorana n’igihugu ndetse n’amahanga abafatanyabikorwa gukurura ishoramari rirambye rikenewe kugira ngo iyi ntego igerweho.

COP27 ni uburyo bw’ihuriro ryo guteza imbere no guhuza abafatanyabikorwa bashya kwifatanya mu rugendo rw’iterambere. U Rwanda ni ahantu heza ho gushora imari kugira ngo rube rutoshye rw’icyatsi, kuko rufite icyerekezo gisobanutse ku bijyanye n’ibidukikije.

Muri COP27, u Rwanda rusaba ko hafatwa ingamba zifatika zo kugabanya ibyuka bihumanya ikirere ku isi, kongera inkunga y’ikirere kugira ngo imihindagurikire y’ikirere harebwe niba ingamba zemeranijwe kuri karubone kandi ko igihombo n’ibyangiritse bifite ishingiro bihabwe ingurane.

Intumwa z’u Rwanda muri COP27 zirimo abayobozi bakuru bo muri guverinoma, sosiyete sivile, abikorera n’urubyiruko rugira uruhare mu kurengera ibidukikije.  Iyo nama y’umuryango w’abibumbye irasuzuma ingaruka z’intambara y’Uburusiya na Ukraine, umubano hagati y’Amerika n’Ubushinwa kuri Tayiwani, ubukungu uko bwifashe nyuma y’icyorezo cya Covid-19.

Inama ya 27 ibera i Sharm El-Sheikh (Misiri), mu rwego rwo kurwanya ubushyuhe ku si n’ingaruka zabyo. Iyo nama izakomeza kugeza ku wa 18 Ugushyingo 2022. Perezida wa COP26, Alok Sharma, mu gutangiza ihuriro ryakurikiwe n’ijambo ryavuzwe na Minisitiri w’ububanyi n’amahanga wa Misiri Sameh Shoukry mu nshingano.

Simon Steele Umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa w’amasezerano y’umuryango w’abibumbye y’imihindagurikire y’ikirere muri uwo muhango na Hoesung Lee umuyobozi w’akanama gashinzwe guverinoma ku bijyanye n’imihindagurikire y’ibihe batanze ibiganiro ku guta agaciro k’ifaranga n’uburyo ibiciro byiyongera.

Abafata ibyemezo bagomba kuzaganira ku buryo bwihutisha inzibacyuho y’ingufu, kongera ishoramari no gushyira imbaraga mu kwimukira mu bukungu bwa hydrogène. Mu minsi 11 y’ibiganiro nyunguranabitekerezo ry’ihuriro, abitabiriye iyo nama bazasuzuma uburyo bw’imishyikirano no gutegura igashyirwa mu bikorwa mu buryo bunoze bw’imihigo y’amasezerano yatanzwe mu nama zabanjirije ku mihindagurikire y’ikirere.

COP27 izakemura ibibazo byatewe inkunga, amazi, ingufu, urubyiruko, abagore, ubuhinzi, ibinyabuzima bitandukanye no kwihaza mu biribwa.

Ibiganiro bizibanda mu gusuzuma ingaruka z’imihindagurikire y’ikirere muri Afurika, gushyiraho icyerekezo cyo guhangana n’ibibazo binyuze mu nkunga mu bigize iyo nama. Loni ivuga ko ibiganiro bizibanda ku biganiro bya tekiniki, hagamijwe kumenya uburyo bukoreshwa mu gupima ibyuka bihumanya ikirere, kugira ngo abantu bose bareshye.

Bizaba ari ugushyiraho urufatiro rw’isuzuma rya mbere ku isi riteganijwe kuri COP28,  rizaba umwaka utaha muri Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Abarabu, hagamijwe gusuzuma iterambere rusange ryakozwe mu rwego rwo kugabanya no kurwanya imihindagurikire y’ikirere no mu ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’amasezerano y’i Paris.

Dr Jeanne d’Arc Mujawamariya, Minisitiri w’Ibidukikije, yavuze ko u Rwanda ruzashyira ingufu mu bikorwa by’imihindagurikire y’ikirere, rusangire amahirwe yo gushora imari mu guhindura isi itoshye y’icyatsi muri iyo nama y’umuryango w’abibumbye ku mihindagurikire y’ibihe (COP27) ibera i Sharm el-Sheikh mu Misiri.

COP27 izaha amahirwe mu guteza imbere u Rwanda nk’ahantu heza ho gushora imari. Ikigo gishinzwe imicungire y’Ibidukikije mu Rwanda, gifite gahunda yo kugabanya ibyuka bihumanya 38% mu 2030 kandi ikorane n’abafatanyabikorwa b’igihugu n’amahanga mu gukurura ishoramari rirambye rikenewe, kugira ngo iyo ntego igerweho.

Yagize ati “U Rwanda ni ahantu heza ho gushora imari kubera ko dufite icyerekezo gisobanutse  n’ibidukikije, u Rwanda rusaba ko hafatwa ingamba zifatika zo kugabanya ibyuka bihumanya ikirere ku isi no kurwanya imihindagurikire y’ikirere’’.  

Basanda Ns Oswald

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